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The necessity of automation supplier in every manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings in numerous industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and put), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used in the diverse array of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO definition of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. In accordance with the definition it can be fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. They are multi-functional pieces of equipment that could be custom-built and programmed to carry out a variety of operations.
The most important features of industrial robots is that they can be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and will work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economic life time of your industrial robot is around 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots have become an indispensable part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots are classified into different categories based upon their mechanical structure. The key kinds of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid having a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly accustomed to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes over the work leading them to be also ideal for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of motion. They move in a x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are used for proximity sensor requiring pick and put work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It could have from two to ten or maybe more interactive joints. Articulated robots are suitable for welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs could be customized with incorporating different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are necessary accessories. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) linked to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches that are utilized to move or assemble parts are examples of end effectors. End effectors are hc03bt and employed to sense and interact with the external environment. The end effectors’ design is determined by the application form requirements in the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks used to control other ha103nc-s like robotic arms. Machine vision is utilized for the inspection of manufactured goods such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.